Identification

Description


Formule moléculaire brute : C2H2O2

Principaux synonymes

Noms français :

  • 1,2-Ethanedione
  • BIFORMAL
  • BIFORMYL
  • DIFORMAL
  • DIFORMYL
  • ETHANDIAL
  • ETHANEDIAL
  • ETHANEDIONE
  • Ethanedione-1,2
  • Glyoxal
  • GLYOXAL ALDEHYDE
  • Glyoxale
  • GLYOXYLALDEHYDE
  • OXAL
  • OXALALDEHYDE
  • OXALIC ALDEHYDE

Noms anglais :

  • Glyoxal
Utilisation et sources d'émission

Fabrication de produits organiques, fabrication de résines

Références

  • ▲1.  Lewis, R.J., Hawley's condensed chemical dictionary. 13th ed. rev. New York, N.Y. : Van Nostrand Reinhold. (1997).   http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/book/10.1002/9780470114735 
  • ▲2.  Lide, D.R., CRC handbook of chemistry and physics. 80th ed. Boca Raton, FL : CRC Press. (1999).
  • ▲3.  Budavari, S. et O'Neil, M., The Merck index : an encyclopedia of chemicals, drugs, and biologicals. 12ème éd. Rahway (N.J.) : Merck. (1996). [RM-403001]
  • ▲4.  France. Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, Fiche toxicologique no 229 : Glyoxal et solutions aqueuses. Cahiers de notes documentaires. Paris : INRS. (2014). [RE-005509]   http://www.inrs.fr/publications/bdd/fichetox.html
    http://www.inrs.fr/publications/bdd/fichetox/fiche.html?refINRS=FICHETOX_229
  • ▲4.  France. Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, Fiche toxicologique no 229 : Glyoxal et solutions aqueuses. Cahiers de notes documentaires. Paris : INRS. (2014). [RE-005509]   http://www.inrs.fr/publications/bdd/fichetox.html
    http://www.inrs.fr/publications/bdd/fichetox/fiche.html?refINRS=FICHETOX_229
  • ▲5.  Kligman, A.M., «The identification of contact allergens by human assay. III. The maximization test : a procedure for screening and rating contact sensitizers.» Journal of Investigative Dermatology. Vol. 47, no. 5, p. 393-409. (1966). [AP-022756]
  • ▲6.  Foussereau, J., Cavelier, C. et Zissu, D., «L'allergie de contact professionnelle aux antiseptiques aldéhydés en milieu hospitalier.» Archives des maladies professionnelles, de médecine du travail et de sécurité sociale. Vol. 53, no. 5, p. 325-338. (1992). [AP-039379]
  • ▲6.  Foussereau, J., Cavelier, C. et Zissu, D., «L'allergie de contact professionnelle aux antiseptiques aldéhydés en milieu hospitalier.» Archives des maladies professionnelles, de médecine du travail et de sécurité sociale. Vol. 53, no. 5, p. 325-338. (1992). [AP-039379]
  • ▲7.  Calliés, F.X. et al., «À propos de trois cas cliniques d'eczéma de contact à un dialdéhyde contenu dans un produit désinfectant d'utilisation courante en hôpital.» Archives des maladies professionnelles. Vol. 2, p. 109-110. (1985).
  • ▲8.  Kanerva, L. et al., «Occupational allergic contact dermatitis from glyoxal, glutaraldehyde and neomycin sulfate in a dental nurse.» Contact Dermatitis. Vol. 42, no. 2, p. 116-117. (2000).
  • ▲9.  Uter, W. et al., «Glyoxal is an important allergen for (medical care) cleaning staff.» International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health. Vol. 204, no. 4, p. 251-253. (2001).
  • ▲10.  BASF corp., Report on the maximization test for the sensitizing potential in guinea pigs (Final report) . (1987). Microfiche : OTS0535507
  • ▲11.  American Cyanamid, Initial submission : a closed-patch repeated insult dermal sensitization study in guinea pigs (Buehler Mehtod) (Final report) . (1988). Microfiche : OTS0534982
  • ▲12.  Basketter, D.A., Scholes, E.W. et Kimber, I., «The performance of the local lymph node assay with chemicals identified as contact allergens in the human maximization test.» Food and Chemical Toxicology. Vol. 32, no. 6, p. 543-547. (1994).
  • ▲13.  Enslein, K. et al., «A quantitative structure-toxicity relationship model for the dermal sensitization guinea pig maximization assay.» Food and Chemical Toxicology. Vol. 35, p. 1091-1098. (1997).
  • ▲14.  Hindson, C. et Lawlor, F., «Allergy to glyoxal in a polyvinyl resin emulsion.» Contact Dermatitis. Vol. 8, no. 3, p. 213. (1982).
  • ▲15.  Cosmetic Ingredient Review Panel, «Amended final report on the safety assessment of glyoxal.» International Journal of Toxicology. Vol. 19 suppl. 1, p. 13-27. (2000).
  • ▲16.  Murine local lymph node assay: a test method for assessing the allergenic contact dermatitis potential of chemical compounds. (1999). Microfiche : PB2001-104492, NIH-PUB-99-4494
  • ▲17.  Basketter, D.A. et al., «The local lymph node assay : a viable alternative to currently accepted skin sensitization tests.» Food and Chemical Toxicology. Vol. 34, p. 985-997. (1996). [AP-050952]
  • ▲18.  Lundberg, P., The Nordic Expert Group for criteria documentation of health risks from chemixcals : 116. Glyoxal . Arbete och Halsa , Vol. 2. Solna, Suède : Arbetslivsinstitutet. (1994). [MO-127166]   https://gupea.ub.gu.se/dspace/handle/2077/3194?locale=en
  • ▲19.  Lundberg, P., Scientific basis for swedish occupational standards XVII . Vol. 1996 : 25. Solna, Sweden. (1996). [MO-011239]
  • ▲20.  Takahashi, , M., Okamiya, H. et Furukawa, F., «Effects of glyoxal and methylglyoxal administration on gastric carcinogenesis in Wistar rats after initiation with N-methyl-n'-nitrosoguanidine.» Carcinogenesis. Vol. 10, p. 1925-1927. (1989).
  • ▲21.  Miyakawa, Y. et al., «Initiating activity of height pyrolysates of carbohydrates in a two-stage mouse tumorigenesis model..» Carcinogenesis. Vol. 12, p. 1169-1173. (1991).
  • ▲22.  American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, 2019 TLVs® and BEIs® : threshold limit values for chemical substances and physical agents and biological exposure indices. Cincinnati (OH) : ACGIH. (2019). [NO-003164]   http://www.acgih.org
  • ▲23.  Règlement sur la santé et la sécurité du travail [S-2.1, r. 13]. Québec : Éditeur officiel du Québec. [RJ-510071]   http://legisquebec.gouv.qc.ca/fr/ShowDoc/cr/S-2.1,%20r.%2013
  • ▲24.  Smyth, H.F. et al., «Range-finding toxicity data : List VI.» American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. Vol. 23, p. 95-107. (1962). [AP-041987]
  • ▲25.  Carpenter, C.P. et Smyth, H.F., «Chemical burns of the rabbit cornea.» American Journal of Ophthalmology. Vol. 29, p. 1363-1372. (1946). [AP-021658]
  • ▲26.  American Cyanamid Co., Initial submission : dermal irritancy study in the rabbit (final report) . (1988). Microfiche : OTS0535998, 8EHQ-0492-2972
  • ▲27.  O’Neil, M.J., Smith, A. et Heckelman, P.E., The Merck index : an encyclopedia of chemicals, drugs, and biologicals. 13th ed. Cambridge, MA : Cambridge Soft; Merck & CO. (2001). [RM-403001]

Autres sources d'information

  • Weiss, G., Hazardous Chemicals Data Book. 2nd ed. Park Ridge, N.J. : Noyes Data Corporation. (1986). [RR-015005]
  • Lewis, R.J., Sax's dangerous properties of industrial materials. Vol. 1, 8ème éd. New York : Van Nostrand Reinhold. (1992).
  • Dutch Institute for the Working Environment et Dutch Chemical Industry Association, Chemical safety sheets : working safely with hazardous chemicals. Netherlands : Kluwer Academic Publishers. (1991). [RR-015010]
  • National Fire Protection Association, Fire protection guide on hazardous materials. 9th ed. Quincy, Mass. : NFPA. (1986).   http://www.nfpa.org/
  • Grant, W.M., Toxicology of the eye : effects on the eyes and visual systems from chemicals, drugs, metals and minerals, plants, toxins and venoms; also, systemic side effects from eye medications. 3rd. ed. Springfield (ILL) : Charles C. Thomas. (1986).
  • Patty, F.A., Patty's industrial hygiene and toxicology. Vol. 2, 3rd ed. New York : John Wiley & Son. (1978).
  • Budavari, S. et O'Neil, M., The Merck index : an encyclopedia of chemicals, drugs, and biologicals. 11th ed. Rahway ( N.J.) : Merck. (1989). [RM-403001]
  • Bretherick, L., Bretherick's handbook of reactive chemical hazards. 4th ed. London; Toronto : Butterworth-Heinemann. (1990).
  • Smyth, H.F. et al., «Range-finding toxicity data : List VI.» American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. Vol. 23, p. 95-107. (1962). [AP-041987]
  • Kligman, A.M., «The identification of contact allergens by human assay. III. The maximization test : a procedure for screening and rating contact sensitizers.» Journal of Investigative Dermatology. Vol. 47, no. 5, p. 393-409. (1966). [AP-022756]
  • Deichmann, W. et Gerarde, H. W., Toxicology of drugs and chemicals. New York : Academic Press. (1969). [RM-514009]
  • Enslein, K. et al., «A quantitative structure-toxicity relationship model for the dermal sensitization guinea pig maximization assay.» Food and Chemical Toxicology. Vol. 35, p. 1091-1098. (1997).
  • Smyth, F.H., Seaton, J. et Fischer, L., «The single dose toxicity of some glycols and derivatives.» Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. Vol. 23, no. 6, p. 259-268. (1941). [AP-021581]
  • Bismuth, C. et al., Toxicologie clinique. 4e éd. Paris : Flammarion. (1987).
  • Carpenter, C.P. et Smyth, H.F., «Chemical burns of the rabbit cornea.» American Journal of Ophthalmology. Vol. 29, p. 1363-1372. (1946). [AP-021658]

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