Identification

Description


Numéro UN : UN1891

Formule moléculaire brute : C2H5Br

Principaux synonymes

Noms français :

  • BROMETHANE (ETHYL BROMIDE)
  • BROMIC ETHER
  • BROMOETHANE
  • Bromoéthane
  • BROMURE D'ETHYLE
  • BROMURE ETHYLIQUE
  • ETHANE, BROMO-
  • Ethyl bromide
  • HYDROBROMIC ETHER

Noms anglais :

  • Ethyl bromide
Utilisation et sources d'émission 1 2 3 4

Le bromoéthane est utilisé comme :

  • agent d'éthylation en synthèse organique
  • solvant d'extraction
  • agent réfrigérant

Dans le passé, ce produit a aussi été utilisé comme anesthésique local.

Références

Autres sources d'information

  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, NIOSH pocket guide to chemical hazards. 3 ed. Cincinnati, Ohio : NIOSH. (2007). [RM-514001]   https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2005-149/pdfs/2005-149.pdf
  • American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, 2010 TLVs and BEIs with 7th edition documentation CD-ROM. Cincinnati, OH : ACGIH. (2010). Publication 0111CD. [CD-120061]   http://www.acgih.org
  • Mark, H.F., Grayson, M. et Eckroth, D., Kirk-Othmer encyclopedia of chemical technology. 3rd ed. New York : Wiley. (1978-84). [RT-423004]
  • Handling chemicals safety 1980. 2nd ed. Amsterdam : Dutch Association of Safety Experts. (1980).
  • Weast, R.C., Astle, M.J. et Beyer, W.H., CRC handbook of chemistry and physics. 69th ed., 1988-1989. Boca Raton (Fla.) : CRC Press. (1988).
  • National Fire Protection Association, Fire protection guide on hazardous materials. 9th ed. Quincy, Mass. : NFPA. (1986).   http://www.nfpa.org/
  • Lenga, R.E., The Sigma-Aldrich library of chemical safety data. 2nd ed. Milwaukee : Sigma-Aldrich. (1988).
  • Grant, W.M., Toxicology of the eye : effects on the eyes and visual systems from chemicals, drugs, metals and minerals, plants, toxins and venoms; also, systemic side effects from eye medications. 3rd. ed. Springfield (ILL) : Charles C. Thomas. (1986).
  • Patty, F.A., Patty's industrial hygiene and toxicology. Vol. 2, 3rd ed. New York : John Wiley & Son. (1978).
  • Budavari, S. et O'Neil, M., The Merck index : an encyclopedia of chemicals, drugs, and biologicals. 11th ed. Rahway ( N.J.) : Merck. (1989). [RM-403001]
  • Hawley, G. G., Sax, N. I. et Lewis, R. J., Hawley's condensed chemical dictionary. 11th ed. rev. New York : Van Nostrand Reinhold. (1987). [RS-407001]   http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/book/10.1002/9780470114735 
  • «Ethyl bromide (bromoethane) CH3CH2Br.» American Industrial Hygiene Association journal. Vol. 26, no. 2, p. 192-195. (Mar.-Apr. 1965). [AP-034143]
  • Cancer Research, VOL. 35, 1975, P. 1411-1415 [AP-005157]
  • Kosenko, A.M. , «Toxicology of some bromine-containing aliphatic hydrocarbons.» Chemical Abstracts. Vol. 82, p. 114-115. (1975). [AP-034141]
  • Loveday, K.S. et al., «Chromosome aberration and sister chromatid exchange test in chinese hamster ovary cells in vitro. II. Results with 20 chemicals .» Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis. Vol. 13, p. 60-94. (1989). [AP-023839]
  • Environmental Science Research, VOL. 25, 1982, P. 301-327 [AP-033479]
  • Hatch, G. et al., «Status of enhancement of DNA viral transformation for determination of mutagenic and carcinogenic potential gazeous and volatile compounds.» Environmental Mutagenesis. Vol. 5, p. 422. (1983). [AP-034142]
  • Ruth, J.H., «Odor thresholds and irritation levels of several chemical substances : a review.» American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. Vol. 47, no. 3, p. 142. (1986). [AP-011953]
  • Vernot, E.H. et al., «Acute toxicity and skin corrosion data for some organic and inorganic compounds and aqueous solutions.» Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 42, p. 417-423. (1977). [AP-000468]
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health et États-Unis. Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Occupational health guidelines for chemical hazards. Vol. 1. Cincinnati : Centers for Disease Control. (1981-). DHSS-NIOSH 81-123. [RR-015002]   http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/81-123/
  • Dreisbach, R.H. et Robertson, W.O., Handbook of poisoning: prevention diagnosis & treatment. 12th ed. Norwalk, Conn. : Appleton & Lange. (1987). [RM-515008]
  • Toxicology and carcinogenesis studies of bromoethane (ethyl bromide) (cas no. 74-96-4) In f344/N Rats and b6c3f1 mice (inhalation studies)., 1989 Microfiche : PB90-219445, NIH/90-2818

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