Identification

Description


Formule moléculaire brute : C8H14ClN5

Principaux synonymes

Noms français :

  • 1,3,5-TRIAZINE-2,4-DIAMINE, 6-CHLORO-N-ETHYL-N'-(1-METHYLETHYL)-
  • 1-CHLORO 3-ETHYLAMINO 5-ISOPROPYLAMINO 2,4,6-TRIAZINE
  • 1-CHLORO 3-ETHYLAMINO 5-ISOPROPYLAMINO-S-TRIAZINE
  • 1-CHLORO-3-ETHYLAMINO-5-ISOPROPYLAMINO-2,4,6-TRIAZINE
  • 1-CHLORO-3-ETHYLAMINO-5-ISOPROPYLAMINO-S-TRIAZINE
  • 2-CHLORO 4-(2-PROPYLAMINO) 6-ETHYLAMINO 5-TRIAZINE
  • 2-CHLORO-4-(2-PROPYLAMINO)-6-ETHYLAMINO-S-TRIAZINE
  • 2-CHLORO-4-(ETHYLAMINO)-6-(ISOPROPYLAMINO)-S-TRIAZINE
  • 2-CHLORO-4-ETHYLAMINEISOPROPYLAMINE-S-TRIAZINE
  • 2-CHLORO-4-ETHYLAMINO-6-ISOPROPYLAMINO-1,3,5-TRIAZINE
  • 2-CHLORO-4-ETHYLAMINO-6-ISOPROPYLAMINO-S-TRIAZINE
  • 6-CHLORO NORMAL-ETHYL NORMAL-(1-METHYLETHYL) 1,3,5-TRIAZINE 2,4-DIAMINE
  • 6-CHLORO-N-ETHYL-N'-(1-METHYLETHYL)-1,2,5-TRIAZINE-2,4-DIAMINE
  • 6-CHLORO-N2-ETHYL-N4-ISOPROPYL-1,3,5-TRIAZINE-2,4-DIAMINE
  • Atrazine
  • CHLORO-2 ETHYLAMINO-4 ISOPROPYLAMINO-6 TRIAZINE-1,3,5
  • CHLORO-2 ETHYLAMINO-4 ISOPROPYLAMINO-6-S-TRIAZINE
  • CHLORO-6 N-ETHYL N'-(METHYL-1 ETHYL) TRIAZINE-1,3,5
  • S-TRIAZINE, 2-CHLORO-4-(ETHYLAMINO)-6-(ISOPROPYLAMINO)-
  • S-TRIAZINE, 2-CHLORO-4-ETHYLAMINO-6-ISOPROPYLAMINO-

Noms anglais :

  • ATRASINE
  • Atrazin
  • Atrazine
Utilisation et sources d'émission 1 2 3

L'atrazine est un herbicide systémique sélectif, utilisé pour contrôler les mauvaises herbes en pré-émergence et en post-émergence. Elle est absorbée principalement par les racines mais aussi par les feuilles et sa fonction consiste à inhiber la photosynthèse. L'atrazine se trouve notamment dans des cultures de maïs, de sorgho, de canne à sucre, de canola et de bleuets.

Références

  • ▲1.  Ministère de l'Environnement et Direction Toxicologie humaine / INSPQ, Répertoire des principaux pesticides utilisés au Québec. Ste-Foy, Québec : Les publications du Québec. (2002). [RM-515127]
  • ▲2.  Spencer, E.Y., Guide to the chemicals used in crop protection. 7th ed. Ottawa : Ministry of Supply and Services Canada : Agriculture Canada. (1981). [RM-515023]
  • ▲3.  Montgomery, J.H., Agrochemicals desk reference. New York : Lewis Publishers. (1997). [RM-515113]
  • ▲4.  National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, NIOSH pocket guide to chemical hazards. 3 ed. Cincinnati, Ohio : NIOSH. (2007). [RM-514001]   https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2005-149/pdfs/2005-149.pdf
  • ▲5.  Vincoli, J.W., Risk management for hazardous chemicals : A-F. Vol. 1. Boca Raton : Lewis Publishers. (1997). [RM-515112]
  • ▲6.  Pohanish, R., Sittig's handbook of toxic and hazardous chemicals and carcinogens. 4ème éd. Norwich (NY) : Noyes Publications. (2002). 2 v.
  • ▲7.  IARC Working group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, Some chemicals that cause tumours of the kidney or urinary bladder in rodents and some other substances. IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans, Vol. 73. Lyon : International Agency for Research on Cancer. (1999).   https://monographs.iarc.fr/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/mono73.pdf
  • ▲7.  IARC Working group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, Some chemicals that cause tumours of the kidney or urinary bladder in rodents and some other substances. IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans, Vol. 73. Lyon : International Agency for Research on Cancer. (1999).   https://monographs.iarc.fr/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/mono73.pdf
  • ▲8.  O'Neil, M.J. et al., The Merck Index : an encyclopedia of chemicals, drugs, & biologicals. 15e éd. Cambridge, G.-B. : Royal Society of Chemistry. (2013). [RM-403001]   https://www.rsc.org/Merck-Index/
  • ▲9.  Report on Carcinogens, 14th edition. Research Triangle Park, NC : U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Toxicology Program. (2016).   https://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/pubhealth/roc/index-1.html
  • ▲9.  Report on Carcinogens, 14th edition. Research Triangle Park, NC : U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Toxicology Program. (2016).   https://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/pubhealth/roc/index-1.html
  • ▲10.  Pohanish, R.P. et Greene, S.A., Hazardous materials handbook. New York (NY) : Van Nostrand Reinhold. (1996). [RR-515125]
  • ▲11.  American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, «Atrazine (CAS 1912-24-9).» In: Documentation of the threshold limit values and biological exposure indices / Documentation of TLV's and BEI's. Cincinnati, Ohio : ACGIH. (2014). Publication #0100Doc.   http://www.acgih.org
  • ▲11.  American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, «Atrazine (CAS 1912-24-9).» In: Documentation of the threshold limit values and biological exposure indices / Documentation of TLV's and BEI's. Cincinnati, Ohio : ACGIH. (2014). Publication #0100Doc.   http://www.acgih.org
  • ▲12.  Drolet, D. et Beauchamp, G, Guide d'échantillonnage des contaminants de l'air en milieu de travail. Études et recherches / Guide technique, 8ème éd. revue et mise à jour. Montréal : IRSST. (2012). T-06. [MO-220007]   http://www.irsst.qc.ca
    http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/t-06.pdf
  • ▲13.  Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Toxicological profile for atrazine. Atlanta, GA : ATSDR. (2003). Microfiche : PB-2004-100001   http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/
  • ▲13.  Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Toxicological profile for atrazine. Atlanta, GA : ATSDR. (2003). Microfiche : PB-2004-100001   http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/
  • ▲14.  ECHA (European Chemicals Agency) , Information on Chemicals (REACH). Helsinki, Finland.   http://echa.europa.eu/information-on-chemicals/registered-substances
  • ▲14.  ECHA (European Chemicals Agency) , Information on Chemicals (REACH). Helsinki, Finland.   http://echa.europa.eu/information-on-chemicals/registered-substances
  • ▲15.  Schardein, J.L., Chemically induced birth defects. 3ème rév. & expanded. New York : Dekker. (2000). [MO-122294]
  • ▲16.  Evaluation of carcinogenic, teratogenic, and mutagenic activities of selected pesticides and industrial chemicals. Volume 2: Teratogenic study in mice and rats.. (1968). Microfiche : PB-223 160
  • ▲17.  Atrazine. EXTOXNET - Pesticides Information Profile. Oregon State University. (2001).   http://ace.ace.orst.edu/info/extoxnet/pips/atrazine.htm
  • ▲18.  Henshel, D.S., «A comparison of the embryo effects of ethanol, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, atrazine, 2,4-D, methyl mercury, lead and 2,3,7,8-TCDD.» Toxicologist. Vol. 30, no. 1, p. 197. (1996). [AP-051920]
  • ▲19.  Infurna, R. et al., «Teratological evaluations of atrazine technical, a triazine herbicide, in rats and rabbits.» Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Vol. 24, p. 307-319. (1988). [AP-019691]
  • ▲20.  Binns, C. W. et Johnson, A. E., «Chronic and teratogenic effect of 2,4-d (2,4-dichlorophenoxy-acetic acid) and atrazine (2-chloro-4-ethylamino-6-isopropylamino-s-triazine) to sheep.» Proceeding / North Central Weed Conference. Vol. 25, p. 100. (1970). [AP-041442]
  • ▲21.  Peters, J. W. et Cook, R. M., «Effects of atrazine on reproduction in rats.» Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. Vol. 9, no. 5, p. 301-304. (1973). [AP-005749]
  • ▲22.  Kniewald, J. et al., «Indirect influence of s-triazines on rat gonadotropic mechanism at early postnatal period.» Journal of steroid biochemistry. Vol. 26, no. 4/6, p. 1095-1100. (1987). [AP-040773]
  • ▲23.  Peruzoviäc, M. et al., «Effect of atrazine ingested prior to mating on rat females and their offspring.» Acta Physiologica Hungaria. Vol. 83, no. 1, p. 79-89. (1995).
  • ▲24.  Yau, E. T. et al., «The efffect of the triazine herbicide, atrazine on embryonic and fetal development.» Teratology. Vol. 39, p. 490. (1989).
  • ▲25.  St. John, G. E. S. et Wagner, D. G., «Fate of atrazine, kuron, silvex and 2,4,5-T in the dairy cow.» Journal of dairy science. Vol. 47, p. 1267-1270. (1964). [AP-041485]
  • ▲26.  IARC Working Group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, Occupational exposures in insecticide application, and some pesticides. IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans, Vol. 53. Lyon : International Agency for Research on Cancer. (1991).   https://monographs.iarc.fr/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/mono53.pdf
  • ▲27.  American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, 2019 TLVs® and BEIs® : threshold limit values for chemical substances and physical agents and biological exposure indices. Cincinnati (OH) : ACGIH. (2019). [NO-003164]   http://www.acgih.org
  • ▲28.  Osterloh, J. et al., «An assessment of the potential testicular toxicity of 10 pesticides using the mouse sperm morphology assay.» Mutation Research. Vol. 116, no. 3/4, p. 407-415. (1983). [AP-047337]
  • ▲29.  Adler, I. D., «A review of the coordinated research effort on the comparison of test systems for the detection of mutagenic effects, sponsored by E.E.C..» Mutation Research. Vol. 74, p. 77-93. (1980). [AP-040772]
  • ▲30.  National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, RTECS (Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances). Hamilton (Ont) : Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety.   http://ccinfoweb.ccohs.ca/rtecs/search.html
  • ▲31.  Règlement sur la santé et la sécurité du travail [S-2.1, r. 13]. Québec : Éditeur officiel du Québec. [RJ-510071]   http://legisquebec.gouv.qc.ca/fr/ShowDoc/cr/S-2.1,%20r.%2013

Autres sources d'information

  • Lewis, R.J., Sax's dangerous properties of industrial materials. Vol. 1, 8ème éd. New York : Van Nostrand Reinhold. (1992).
  • Budavari, S. et O'Neil, M., The Merck index : an encyclopedia of chemicals, drugs, and biologicals. 12ème éd. Rahway (N.J.) : Merck. (1996). [RM-403001]
  • Hayes, W.J. et Laws, E.R., Handbook of pesticides toxicology : general principles. Vol. 1. Toronto : Academic Press. (1991).
  • «Lethality, hexobarbital narcosis and behavior in rats exposed to atrazine, bentazon or molinate.» Research communications in chemical pathology and pharmacology. Vol. 74, no. 3, p. 349-361. (1991). [AP-036890]
  • Occupational Health Services inc., Pestline : material safety data sheets for pesticides and related chemicals : PST 00020-PST 18670. Vol. 1. New York : Van Nostrand Reinhold. (1991). [RM-515078]
  • Ciba-Geigy, Atrazine. MSDS information handling services. (1989). 9912-853 F-03.
  • «Acute toxicity of pesticides in adult and weanling rats.» Fundamental and Applied Toxicology. , no. 7, p. 299-308. (1986). [AP-016309]
  • Drinking water criteria document for atrazine. Rockville : Dynamac Corp.. (1990). Microfiche : PB91-142794
  • Berardinelli, S.P., Chemical protective gloves for seven commercial herbicides. (1995). Microfiche : PB96-106950
  • Ciba-Geigy corp., Initial submission: Guinea pig sensitization (final report). (1981). Microfiche : OTS0535319, 8EHQ-0292-2162

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