Soufre, dioxyde de

Numéro CAS : 7446-09-5

Identification

Description


Numéro UN : UN1079

Formule moléculaire brute : O2S

Principaux synonymes

Noms français :

  • Acide sulfureux anhydride
  • Anhydride sulfureux
  • Bioxyde de soufre
  • Dioxyde de soufre
  • Gaz sulfureux
  • Oxyde sulfureux
  • Soufre (bioxyde de)
  • Soufre, dioxyde de

Noms anglais :

  • Sulfur dioxide
  • SULFUROUS ACID ANHYDRIDE
  • SULFUROUS ANHYDRIDE
  • SULFUROUS OXIDE
  • Sulphur dioxide
  • SULPHUROUS ACID ANHYDRIDE
Utilisation et sources d'émission

Ce produit est utilisé dans plusieurs applications et dans différents secteurs d'activités, en voici quelques exemples :

• Produits chimiques (acide sulfurique, sulfites, hydrosulfites de potassium et de sodium, thiosulfates)
• Affinage de minerais et de métaux
• Protéines de soja
• Agent de blanchiment pour huiles et amidons
• Sulfonation des huiles
• Désinfection et fumigation
• Additif alimentaire (inhibition du brunissement, réaction enzymatique, croissance bactérienne)
• Agent réducteur
• Antioxydant

Références

  • ▲1.  Cairelli, S.G., Ludwig, H.R. et Whalen, J.J., Documentation for immediately dangerous to life or health concentrations (IDLHS). Springfield (VA) : NTIS. (1994). PB-94-195047. [RM-515102]   http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/idlh/intridl4.html
  • ▲2.  Drolet, D. et Beauchamp, G, Guide d'échantillonnage des contaminants de l'air en milieu de travail. Études et recherches / Guide technique, 8ème éd. revue et mise à jour. Montréal : IRSST. (2012). T-06. [MO-220007]   http://www.irsst.qc.ca
    http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/t-06.pdf
  • ▲9.  American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, Documentation of the threshold limit values and biological exposure indices / Documentation of TLV's and BEI's. 7th ed. Cincinnati, Ohio : ACGIH. (2001-). Publication #0100Doc. [RM-514008]   http://www.acgih.org
  • ▲10.  Centre canadien d'hygiène et de sécurité au travail, CHEMINFO, Hamilton, Ont. : Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety   http://ccinfoweb.ccohs.ca/cheminfo/search.html
  • ▲11.  France. Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, Fiche toxicologique no 41 : Dioxyde de soufre. Cahiers de notes documentaires. Paris : INRS. (2006). [RE-005509]   http://www.inrs.fr/publications/bdd/fichetox.html
    http://www.inrs.fr/publications/bdd/fichetox/fiche.html?refINRS=FICHETOX_41
  • ▲12.  Alarie, Y. et Stokinger, H.E., «Sensory irritation by airborne chemicals.» Critical Reviews in Toxicology. Vol. 2, p. 299-363. (1973).
  • ▲13.  TOXICOLOGY AND INDUSTRIAL HEALTH, VOL. 2, NO 3, 1986, P. 289-298
  • ▲14.  Rabinovitch, S. et al., «Clinical and laboratory features of acute sulfur dioxide inhalation poisoning : two-year follow-up.» American Review of Respiratory Disease. Vol. 139, no. 2, p. 556-558. (1989). [AP-026181]
  • ▲15.  Folinsbee, L.J., Bedi, J.F. et Horvath, S.M., «Pulmonary response to threshold levels of sulfur dioxide (1.0 ppm) and ozone (0.3 ppm).» Journal of Applied Physiology. Vol. 58, no. 6. (1783-1787). [AP-037093]
  • ▲16.  Gunnison, A.F., Sellakumar, A. et Currie, D., «Distribution, metabolism and toxicity of inhaled sulfur dioxide and endogenously generated sulfite in the respiratory tract and sulfite oxidase-deficient rats.» Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Vol. 21, no. 1/2, p. 141-162. (1987). [AP-051962]
  • ▲17.  Ruth, J.H., «Odor thresholds and irritation levels of several chemical substances : a review.» American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. Vol. 47, no. 3, p. 142. (1986). [AP-011953]
  • ▲18.  Grant, W.M. et Schuman, J.S., Toxicology of the eye : effects on the eyes and visual systems from chemicals, drugs, metals and minerals, plants, toxins and venoms; also, systemic side effects from eye medications. Vol. 2, 4éme éd. Springfield, ILL : Charles C. Thomas. (1993). [RM-515030]
  • ▲19.  Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Toxicological profile for sulfur dioxide. Atlanta, GA : ATSDR. (1998).   http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/
  • ▲20.  The Scientific Committee on Occupational Exposure Limits (SCOEL), Recommendation from the Scientific Committee on Occupational Exposure Limits for Sulphur Dioxide. European Commission Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion. (2009). SCOEL/SUM/27.   ec.europa.eu/social/BlobServlet?docId=6410...en
  • ▲21.  Pellizzari, E.D. et al., «Purgeable organic compounds in mother's milk.» Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. Vol. 28, p. 322-328. (1982).
  • ▲22.  IARC Working Group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, Occupational exposures to mists and vapours from strong inorganic acids, and other industrial chemicals. IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks, Vol. 54. Lyon : International Agency for research on Cancer. (1992). [MO-002233]   http://www.iarc.fr
  • ▲23.  American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, 2017 TLVs® and BEIs® : threshold limit values for chemical substances and physical agents and biological exposure indices. Cincinnati (OH) : ACGIH. (2017). Publication 0114. [NO-003164]   http://www.acgih.org
  • ▲24.  Meng, Z., Qin, G. et Zhang, B., «DNA damage in mice treated with sulfur dioxide by inhalation.» Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis. Vol. 46, no. 3, p. 150-155. (2005).
  • ▲25.  Meng Z. et Zhang, B., «Induction effects of sulfur dioxide inhalation on chromosomal aberrations in mouse bone marrow cells.» Mutagenesis. Vol. 17, no. 3, p. 215-217. (2002).
  • ▲26.  Meng, Z. et al., «Micronuclei induced by sulfur dioxide inhalation in mouse bone-marrow cells in vivo.» Inhalation Toxicology. Vol. 14, p. 303-309. (2002).
  • ▲27.  National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, RTECS (Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances). Hamilton (Ont) : Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety.   http://ccinfoweb.ccohs.ca/rtecs/search.html
  • ▲28.  Braker, W. et Mossman, A.L., Matheson gas data book. Lundhurst, N.J. : Matheson. (1980). [RS-415003]
  • ▲29.  Canada. Ministère des transports, Règlement sur le transport des marchandises dangereuses. Ottawa : Éditions du gouvernement du Canada. (2014). [RJ-410222]   http://www.tc.gc.ca/fra/tmd/clair-menu-497.htm
    http://www.tc.gc.ca/tmd/menu.htm
  • ▲30.  Nations-Unies, «Partie 4 - Dispositions relatives à l'utilisation des emballages et des citernes - Liste des instructions d'emballage.» In: Recommandations relatives au transport des marchandises dangereuses - Règlement type - Dix-huitième édition révisée . New-York, N.Y. : United Nations. (2013). ST/SG/AC.10/1/rev. 18 (Vol. II). [MO-026856]   http://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trans/danger/publi/unrec/rev18/French/Rev18f_Volume2.pdf
    http://www.unece.org/fr/trans/danger/publi/unrec/rev18/18files_f.html

Autres sources d'information

  • American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, 2010 TLVs and BEIs with 7th edition documentation CD-ROM. Cincinnati, OH : ACGIH. (2010). Publication 0111CD. [CD-120061]   http://www.acgih.org
  • Mark, H.F., Grayson, M. et Eckroth, D., Kirk-Othmer encyclopedia of chemical technology. 3rd ed. New York : Wiley. (1978-84). [RT-423004]
  • National Fire Protection Association, Fire protection guide on hazardous materials. 9th ed. Quincy, Mass. : NFPA. (1986).   http://www.nfpa.org/
  • Grant, W.M., Toxicology of the eye : effects on the eyes and visual systems from chemicals, drugs, metals and minerals, plants, toxins and venoms; also, systemic side effects from eye medications. 3rd. ed. Springfield (ILL) : Charles C. Thomas. (1986). [RM-515030]
  • Patty, F.A., Patty's industrial hygiene and toxicology. Vol. 2, 3rd ed. New York : John Wiley & Son. (1978).
  • Sax, N.I., Dangerous properties of industrial materials. 7th ed. Toronto : Van Nostrand Reinhold. (1989). [RR-014005]
  • Windholz, M., The Merck index : an encyclopedia of chemicals, drugs, and biologicals. 10th ed. Rahway ( N.J.) : Merck. (1983). [RM-403001]
  • Bretherick, L., Bretherick's handbook of reactive chemical hazards. 4th ed. London; Toronto : Butterworth-Heinemann. (1990). [RS-415001]
  • Schardein, J. L., Chemically induced birth defects. New York, N.Y. : M. Dekker. (1985).
  • Air liquide. Division scientifique, Encyclopédie des gaz / Gas encyclopaedia, Amsterdam : Elsevier, 1976 [RS-403002]
  • International Labour Office, Encyclopaedia of occupational health and safety : A-K. Vol. 1, 3rd ed. Geneva : ILO. (1983). [RR-003002]
  • Canada. Service de la protection de l'environnement, L'anhydride sulfureux. Enviroguide. Ottawa : Environnement Canada. (1985). 48-10/48-1985F. [MO-008103]
  • Hawley, G. G., Sax, N. I. et Lewis, R. J., Hawley's condensed chemical dictionary. 11th ed. rev. New York : Van Nostrand Reinhold. (1987). [RS-407001]
  • TOXICOLOGY AND INDUSTRIAL HEALTH, VOL. 2, NO 3, 1986, P. 289-298
  • Rabinovitch, S. et al., «Clinical and laboratory features of acute sulfur dioxide inhalation poisoning : two-year follow-up.» American Review of Respiratory Disease. Vol. 139, no. 2, p. 556-558. (1989). [AP-026181]
  • Singh, J. , «Maternal sulfur dioxide exposure alters neonatal reflex development.» Teratology. . Vol. 31, p. 9B. (1985). [AP-036829]
  • Folinsbee, L.J., Bedi, J.F. et Horvath, S.M., «Pulmonary response to threshold levels of sulfur dioxide (1.0 ppm) and ozone (0.3 ppm).» Journal of Applied Physiology. Vol. 58, no. 6. (1783-1787). [AP-037093]
  • Murray, F.J. et al., «Embryotoxicity of inhaled sulfur dioxide and carbon monoxide in mice and rabbits.» Journal of Environmental Science and Health. . Vol. C13, no. 3, p. 233-250. (1979). [AP-037099]
  • Peacock, P.R. et Spence, J.B., «Incidence of lung tumours in LX mice exposed to (1) free radicals; (2) SO2.» British Journal of Cancer. Vol. 21, p. 606-618. (1961). [AP-020172]
  • Ryan, N.J. et al., «Role of aflatoxins in Reye's syndrome.» Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 18, no. 6, p. 743-749. [AP-034194]
  • Gunnison, A.F., Sellakumar, A. et Currie, D., «Distribution, metabolism and toxicity of inhaled sulfur dioxide and endogenously generated sulfite in the respiratory tract and sulfite oxidase-deficient rats.» Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Vol. 21, no. 1/2, p. 141-162. (1987). [AP-051962]
  • Ruth, J.H., «Odor thresholds and irritation levels of several chemical substances : a review.» American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. Vol. 47, no. 3, p. 142. (1986). [AP-011953]
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health et États-Unis. Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Occupational health guidelines for chemical hazards. Vol. 1. Cincinnati : Centers for Disease Control. (1981-). DHSS-NIOSH 81-123. [RR-015002]   http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/81-123/
  • Dreisbach, R.H. et Robertson, W.O., Handbook of poisoning: prevention diagnosis & treatment. 12th ed. Norwalk, Conn. : Appleton & Lange. (1987). [RM-515008]
  • Parkes, W.R., Occupational lung disorders. 2ème éd. London [Toronto] : Butterworths. (1982). [RM-215001]

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