Acide picrique

Numéro CAS : 88-89-1

Identification

Description


Numéro UN : UN0154

Formule moléculaire brute : C6H3N3O7

Principaux synonymes

Noms français :

  • 1,3,5-TRINITROPHENOL
  • 2,4,6-TRINITROPHENOL
  • 2-HYDROXY-1,3,5-TRINITROBENZENE
  • Acide picrique
  • Trinitrate de phénol
  • Trinitro-2,4,6 phénol

Noms anglais :

  • Carbazotic acid
  • Nitroxanthic acid
  • PHENOL TRINITRATE
  • PICRAL
  • Picric acid
  • PICRONITRIC ACID
  • TRINITROPHENOL
Famille chimique
  • Nitrate organique
Utilisation et sources d'émission

Fabrication d'explosifs, agent oxydant

Références

  • ▲1.  Cairelli, S.G., Ludwig, H.R. et Whalen, J.J., Documentation for immediately dangerous to life or health concentrations (IDLHS). Springfield (VA) : NTIS. (1994). PB-94-195047. [RM-515102]   http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/idlh/intridl4.html
  • ▲2.  Drolet, D. et Beauchamp, G, Guide d'échantillonnage des contaminants de l'air en milieu de travail. Études et recherches / Guide technique, 8ème éd. revue et mise à jour. Montréal : IRSST. (2012). T-06. [MO-220007]   http://www.irsst.qc.ca
    http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/t-06.pdf
  • ▲3.  Charlebois, P., Acide picrique. TMD Marchandises dangereuses Nouvelles, Vol. 16, #3, Hiver 1996. Ottawa : Transport Canada. (1996).   http://www.tc.gc.ca/canutec/fr/articles/documents/picrique.htm
  • ▲7.  Landsteiner, K. et di Somma, A.A., «Studies on the sensitization of animals with simple chemical compounds. VIII. Sensitization to picric acid; subsidiary agents and mode of sensitization.» Journal of Experimental Medicine. Vol. 72, p. 361-366. (1940). [AP-061282]
  • ▲8.  Dennie, C.C., McBride, W.L. et Davis, P.E., «Toxic reactions produced by the application of trinitrophenol (picric acid).» Archives of Dermatology of Syphilology. Vol. 20, p. 698-704. (1929).
  • ▲9.  Sulzberger, M.B. et Wise, F., «Drug eruptions. II. Dermatitis eczematosa due to drugs.» Archives of Dermatology and Syphilology. Vol. 28, no. 4, p. 461-474. (1933).
  • ▲10.  Schwartz, L., «Dermatitis from explosives.» The Journal of the American Medical Association. Vol. 125, no. 3, p. 186-190. (1944). [AP-019904]
  • ▲11.  Serras-Baldrich, E. et Camarasa, J., «Allergic contact dermatitis from picric acid.» Contact Dermatitis. Vol. 25, p. 127. (1991). [AP-035864]
  • ▲12.  Maguire, H. C. et Chase, W. W., «Studies on the sensitization of animals with simple chemical compounds. XIIII. Sensitization of guinea pig with picric acid.» The Journal of Experimental Medicine. Vol. 135, p. 357-375. (1972). [AP-058230]
  • ▲13.  Hobson, D.W., Serve, M.P. et Wyman, J.F., «Acute toxicity, distribution and metabolism of 2,4,6-trinitrophenol (picric acid) in Fischer rats..» Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Vol. 37, p. 313-327. (1992).
  • ▲14.  Centre canadien d'hygiène et de sécurité au travail, CHEMINFO, Hamilton, Ont. : Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety   http://ccinfoweb.ccohs.ca/cheminfo/search.html
  • ▲15.  American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, Documentation of the threshold limit values and biological exposure indices / Documentation of TLV's and BEI's. 7th ed. Cincinnati, Ohio : ACGIH. (2001-). Publication #0100Doc. [RM-514008]   http://www.acgih.org
  • ▲16.  Chase, M.W. et Maguire Jr., H.C., «Picric acid hypersensitivity : cross- reactivity and cellular transfer [Abstract].» Clinical Research. Vol. 29, p. 638. (1972).
  • ▲17.  Dutch Institute for the Working Environment et Dutch Chemical Industry Association, Chemical safety sheets : working safely with hazardous chemicals. Netherlands : Kluwer Academic Publishers. (1991). [RR-015010]
  • ▲18.  Combustion and explosion characteristics of dusts : BIA-Report 13/97. Sankt Ausgustin, Allemagne. (1997). [MO-127954]
  • ▲19.  Vincoli, J.W., Risk management for hazardous chemicals : G-Z. Vol. 2. Boca Raton : Lewis Publishers. (1997). [RM-515112]
  • ▲20.  Lewis Sr., R.J., Hazardous chemicals desk reference. 6 éd. Hoboken (New Jersey) : John Wiley & Sons Inc. (2008). [RM-515053]   www.wiley.com
  • ▲21.  National Fire Protection Association, Fire protection guide to hazardous materials. 14th ed. Quincy, Mass. : NFPA. (2010). [RR-334001]
  • ▲22.  Canada. Ministère des transports, Règlement sur le transport des marchandises dangereuses. Ottawa : Éditions du gouvernement du Canada. (2014). [RJ-410222]   http://www.tc.gc.ca/fra/tmd/clair-menu-497.htm
    http://www.tc.gc.ca/tmd/menu.htm

Autres sources d'information

  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, NIOSH pocket guide to chemical hazards. Washington, D.C. : U.S. G.P.O. (1985). [RM-514001]
  • Lenga, R.E., The Sigma-Aldrich library of chemical safety data. 2nd ed. Milwaukee : Sigma-Aldrich. (1988).
  • Grant, W.M., Toxicology of the eye : effects on the eyes and visual systems from chemicals, drugs, metals and minerals, plants, toxins and venoms; also, systemic side effects from eye medications. 3rd. ed. Springfield (ILL) : Charles C. Thomas. (1986). [RM-515030]
  • Patty, F.A., Patty's industrial hygiene and toxicology. Vol. 2, 3rd ed. New York : John Wiley & Son. (1978).
  • Windholz, M., The Merck index : an encyclopedia of chemicals, drugs, and biologicals. 10th ed. Rahway ( N.J.) : Merck. (1983). [RM-403001]
  • Proctor, N.H. et Hughes, J.P., Chemical hazards of the workplace. Toronto : J.B. Lippincott. (1978). [RM-214010]
  • DRINKING WATER AND HEALTH, WASHINGTON D.C.: NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS, VOL. 4, 1982, P. 229-247
  • Minton, J., Occupational eye diseases and injuries. London : William Heinemann Medical Books Ltd. (1949).
  • Mutation Research, VOL. 47, NO 2, 1978, P. 75-97 [AP-005722]
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health et États-Unis. Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Occupational health guidelines for chemical hazards. Vol. 1. Cincinnati : Centers for Disease Control. (1981-). DHSS-NIOSH 81-123. [RR-015002]   http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/81-123/

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