Example of a material safety data sheet

1 - Product information

Product name : Solvant X Supplier:

XYZ Distributions enr.
123, rue XYZ
Québec (Québec) X0X 0X0

Usage: Multi-purpose solvent
Manufacturer : ABC Chemical Products inc.
1234, rue ABC
Montréal (Québec) Z0Z 0Z0
Emergency tel. no.: 1 800 123-4567 Emergency tel. no.: 1 800 987-6543

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2 - Préparation information

Data sheet prepared by: The Health and Safety Department
Tél. : (514) 456-1289
Date of update: 2005-12-15

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3 - Hazardous ingredients

Hazardous ingredients % N° CAS LD50, Espèce, Voie

CL50, Durée, Espèce

Methyl isobutyl ketone 15 to 40 108-10-1 1 900 mg/kg, mouse, oral 4 000 ppm, 4 hours, rat
Xylene (o,m,p isomers) 60 to 100 1330-20-7 4 300 mg/kg, rat, oral 5 000 ppm, 4 hours, rat

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4 - Physical data

Physical state and appearance: Non-viscous liquid   Vapour pressure: 9.2 mm Hg
Density: 0.855 g/ml   Vapour density: 3.59
Colour and odour: Colourless, Aromatic odour
  Evaporation rate (ether =1) : 8.3
Odour threshold: 0.1 ppm   Water/oil partition coefficient: 0.015
Freezing point: Unavailable   pH : N/A
Boiling point: 119 °C   Solubility in water at saturation: 6.7 g/l

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5 - Fire or explosion hazard

Flash point and method of determination: 22.8 °C (closed cup, Tag method)
Lower explosive limit: 1.1 %
Upper explosive limit: 7.2 %
Auto-ignition temperature: 463 °C
Conditions of flammability: Flammable liquid. May burst into flame when it is near an ignition source or in the presence of oxidizing materials.
Explosion conditions: May explode if its vapours are mixed with air.
Explosion – sensitivity to impact: Not available.
Explosion – sensitivity to static discharges: May accumulate an electrostatic charge when it is shaken or when it flows in pipes, which may result in ignition of the vapours.
Means of extinction: Carbon dioxide(CO 2) , dry chemical powder, water spray, alcohol foam.
Special precautions: Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus. The vapours are heavier than air and can cover a great distance towards a source of ignition and thus cause a flashback.
Hazardous combustion products: Carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide.

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6 - Reactivity data

Conditions of chemical instability: Stable under normal conditions of use. When it is heated, possibility of formation of explosive peroxides.
Chemical incompatibility: Strong oxidizing and reducing agents.
Conditions of reactivity:When it is heated.
Hazardous decomposition products: Carbon monoxide and dioxide, low molecular weight aldehydes and carboxylic acids.

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7 - Toxicological properties

Routes of entry: Respiratory tract, skin and digestive tract.
Effects of acute exposure: Headache, nausea, dizziness, vomiting . At higher concentrations: narcosis, confusion, cardiac impairment and death.
Effects of chronic exposure: Headache, fatigue, anxiety, depression, sensation of inebriation, and balance, sleep and memory disorders.
Irritancy of product: Slight eye irritation and moderate skin irritation. Exposure to vapours: eye irritation and upper respiratory tract irritation. Repeated or prolonged contact: degreasing action on skin, redness, desquamation and cracking.
Sensitization to product: No
Carcinogenicity: Noncarcinogenic. IARC group 3.
Reproductive toxicity : No
Teratogenicity: Embryotoxic and/or fetotoxic effects on animals.
Mutagenicity: No
Toxicologically synergistic products: The duration of xylene’s toxic effects increases with the consumption of alcohol or aspirin or with simultaneous exposure to toluene or ethylbenzene.

Exposure limits

Hazardous ingredients TWAEV (ROHS) STEV (ROHS)
Xylene 100 ppm (434 mg/m3) 150 ppm (651 mg/m3)
Methyl isobutyl ketone 50 ppm (205 mg/m3) 75 ppm (307 mg/m3)

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8 - Preventive measures

Protective equipment:
Respiratory: Chemical cartridge respiratory protective device for organic vapours, in accordance with the Guide des appareils de protection respiratoire utilisés au Québec.
Eyes: Safety glasses
Gloves: polyethylene/ ethylene vinyl alcohol /polyethylene (PE/EVAL/PE); polyvinyl alcohol (PVAL).
Engineering controls: Use tools and a ventilation system that do not produce sparks .
Leaks or spills: Use a noncombustible absorbent. Place the waste in a sealable container. Avoid spilling into sewers. Warn the authorities.
Waste disposal: Do not throw contaminated absorbents in the garbage. Ventilate the spill site well so that the remainder of the liquid evaporates and the vapours disperse. Consult the regional office of the ministère de l’Environnement.
Handling: Handle away from incompatible materials and any source of heat and ignition. In the event of insufficient ventilation, use an appropriate respiratory protective device. Avoid all skin contact. Wear appropriate protective clothing. Refer to NFPA 30 and NFPA 77 standards.
Storage: Store away from any source of heat and ignition, in an airtight container placed in a cool, dry and well-ventilated location, away from oxidizing materials. The containers must be grounded. Refer to NFPA 30 and NFPA 77 standards.
Shipping: TDG UN1993, class 3, packing group II.

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9 - First aid measures

Inhalation: Bring the person to a ventilated location. If the person is not breathing, perform artificial respiration. Call a physician.
Eye contact: Rinse the eyes with plenty of water for 15 to 20 minutes. If irritation persists, consult a physician.
Skin contact: Rapidly remove contaminated clothing, Wash the skin with soap and water. If irritation persists, consult a physician.
Ingestion: In the event of ingestion, rinse the mouth. Have the person drink a glass of water. Do not have the person vomit, and consult a physician.

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