WHMIS (Zinc chromate)

Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System

WHMIS 1988 classification - Note to reader
Update: 2006-05-18
  • WHMIS pictogram :

    D2A, D2B

  • Very Toxic Material Causing Other Toxic Effects 1 2
  • carcinogenicity: IARC group 1, ACGIH A1
  • Toxic Material Causing Other Toxic Effects 3 4 5
  • skin sensitization in humans

Disclosure at 0,1% according to the Ingredient disclosure list

WHMIS 2015 classification - Note to reader
Update: 2015-12-22

  • Respiratory sensitization - Category 14 6 7 8 9 10
  • Carcinogenicity - Category 1A1 15

  • GHS pictogram : Health hazard


May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled (H334)
May cause allergic skin reaction (H317)
May cause cancer (H350)

Comments: This classification is based on all available data for insoluble hexavalent chromium (Cr VI) compounds.


  • ▲1.  American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, Documentation of the threshold limit values and biological exposure indices / Documentation of TLV's and BEI's. 7th ed. Cincinnati, Ohio : ACGIH. (2001-). Publication #0100Doc. [RM-514008]   http://www.acgih.org
  • ▲2.  IARC Working Group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, Chromium, nickel and welding. IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans, Vol. 49. Lyon : International Agency for Research on Cancer. (1990). [MO-015204]   http://www.iarc.fr
  • ▲3.  Rietschel, R.L. et Fowler, Jr., J.F., Fisher's contact dermatitis. 5ème. Philadelphia : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. (2001). [RM-015084]
  • ▲4.  Criteria group for occupational standards, «Scientific basis for Swedish occupational standards XXI. Consensus report for chromium and chromium compounds.» Arbete och Hälsa. Vol. VI, no. 22, p. 18-40. (2000). [AP-063399]   https://gupea.ub.gu.se/dspace/handle/2077/3194?locale=en
  • ▲5.  Burrows, D., «Chromate dermatitis.» In: Occupational and industrial dermatology. , p. 406-420. Chicago : Year Book Medical. (1987). [MO-002907]
  • ▲6.  Asthmagen? : critical assessments of the evidence for agents implicated in occupational asthma. Health and Safety Executive. Sudbury, Suffolk, G.B. : HSE Books. (2001). [MO-020018]   http://www.hse.gov.uk/asthma/asthmagen.pdf
  • ▲7.  Williams, C.D., «Asthma related to chromium compounds. Reports of two cases and review of the literature on chromate diseases.» North Carolina Medical Journal. Vol. 30, p. 482-491. (1969). [AP-047653]
  • ▲8.  Maréchal, M.J., «Irritation et allergie respiratoire au jaune de chrome dans la peinture au pistolet.» Archives des maladies professionnelles, de médecine du travail et de sécurité sociale. Vol. 18, p. 284-287. (1957). [AP-030103]
  • ▲9.  Bernstein, I.L. et al., Asthma in the workplace : and related conditions. 3 éd. New York : Taylor & Francis. (2006). [MO-002878]   www.taylorandfrancis.com
  • ▲10.  Bureau européen des substances chimiques, European Union Risk Assessment Report : Chromium trioxide, sodium chromate, sodium dichromate, ammonium dichromate and potassium dichromate. 3rd Priority List, Vol. 53. Luxembourg : Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. (2005). EUR 21508 EN.   http://echa.europa.eu/documents/10162/3be377f2-cb05-455f-b620-af3cbe2d570b
  • ▲11.  Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Toxicological profile for chromium. Atlanta, GA : ATSDR. (2000). Microfiche : PB93-182434, ATSDR/TP-92/08   http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/
  • ▲12.  Engel, H.O. et Calnan, C.D., «Chromate dermatitis from paint.» British Journal of Industrial Medicine. Vol. 20, p. 192-198. (1963).   http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1039199/pdf/brjindmed00195-0024.pdf
  • ▲13.  Hall, A.F., «Occupational contact dermatitis among aircraft workers.» JAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Association. Vol. 125, no. 3, p. 179-187. (1944). [AP-066082]
  • ▲14.  Lauwerys, R. et al., Toxicologie industrielle et intoxications professionnelles. 5ème éd. Issy-les-Moulineaux Cedex : Elsevier Masson SAS. (2007). [RM-514015]
  • ▲15.  International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Summaries & Evaluations.   http://www.inchem.org/pages/iarc.html

The [number] refers to the ISST database of the CSST Documentation Center.