WHMIS (Arabic gum)

Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System

WHMIS 1988 classification - Note to reader
Update: 2001-07-31
  • WHMIS pictogram :

    D2A

D2A
  • Very Toxic Material Causing Other Toxic Effects 1 2 3
  • respiratory tract sensitization in humans

Disclosure at 0,1% according to classification criteria

WHMIS 2015 classification - Note to reader
Update: 2016-07-05

  • Respiratory sensitization - Category 11 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
  • Combustible dusts - See comments below10 11 12

  • GHS pictogram : Health hazard

Warning

May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled (H334)

Comments: This product could belong to the hazard class "Combustible dust", based on various factors related to the combustibility and explosiveness of its dust, including composition, shape and size of the particles.

References

  • ▲1.  Bohner, C.B., Sheldon, J.M. et Trenis, J.W., «Sensitivity to gum acacia, with a report of ten cases of asthma in printers.» Journal of Allergy. Vol. 12, p. 290-294. (1941). [AP-026223]
  • ▲2.  Fowler, P.B.S., «Printer's asthma.» Lancet. Vol. 2, p. 755-757. (1952). [AP-026222]
  • ▲3.  Turiaf, J. et al., «L'allergie à la gomme arabique des travailleurs de l'imprimerie.» Journal Français de Médecine et Chirurgie Thoraciques. Vol. 23, no. 6, p. 617-635. (1959).
  • ▲4.  Sprague, P.H., «Bronchial asthma to sensitivity to gum acacia.» Canadian Medical Association Journal. Vol. 47, p. 253. (1942). [AP-026221]
  • ▲5.  Spielman, A.D. et Baldwin, H.S., «Atopy to acacia (gum arabic).» JAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Association. Vol. 101, no. 6, p. 444-445. (1933).
  • ▲6.  Hinaut, G., Blacque-Bélair, A. et Buffe, D., «L'asthme à la gomme arabique dans un grand atelier de typographie.» Journal Français de Médecine et Chirurgie Thoraciques. Vol. 15, no. 1, p. 51-61. (1961).
  • ▲7.  Gaultier, M. et al., «Un cas d'asthme à la gomme arabique. Histoire clinique, tests cutanés, épreuves fonctionnelles respiratoires .» Archives des Maladies Professionnelles. Vol. 21, no. 1-2, p. 55-56. (1960).
  • ▲8.  Viinanen, A, Salokannel, M et Lammintausta, K, «Gum arabic as a cause of occupational allergy.» Journal of allergy. Vol. 2011, p. 1-5. (2011).
  • ▲9.  Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, «Fiche d'Allergologie-pneumologie Professionnelle. Allergies Professionnelles dues aux Gommes Naturelles..» Document pour le médecin du travail N°122. , p. 209-219. (2010). TR 49.   http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TR%2049
  • ▲10.  BGIA-Gestis, Information system on hazardous substances of the Berufsgenossenschaften. Sankt Augustin, Germany : Berufsgenossenschaftliches Institut.   http://www.hvbg.de/e/bia/fac/stoffdb/index.html
  • ▲11.  Pohanish, R.P., Sittig's handbook of toxic and hazardous chemicals and carcinogens. Vol. 1, 6ème éd. Amsterdam : William Andrew. (2012). [RR-015003]   http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9781437778694
  • ▲12.  National Fire Protection Association, NFPA 499 : Recommended Practice for the Classification of Combustible Dusts and of Hazardous (classified) Locations for Electrical Installations in Chemical Process Areas. 2013. Massachusetts : An International Codes and Standards Organization. (2013).   http://www.nfpa.org

The [number] refers to the ISST database of the CSST Documentation Center.