WHMIS (Ammonium chromate)

Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System

WHMIS 1988 classification - Note to reader
Update: 2006-05-17
  • WHMIS pictogram : Flame over circle

    C

  • WHMIS pictogram :

    D2A, D2B

  • WHMIS pictogram : Test tube with sparks or lines coming out of the tube surrounded by a letter

    F

C
  • Oxidizing Material 1 2
  • causes or contributes to the combustion of another material yielding oxygen
D2A
  • Very Toxic Material Causing Other Toxic Effects 3 4
  • carcinogenicity: IARC group 1, ACGIH A1
D2B
  • Toxic Material Causing Other Toxic Effects 5 6 7
  • skin sensitization in humans
F
  • Dangerously Reactive Material 1 8
  • becomes self-reactive under conditions of shock

Disclosure at 0,1% according to classification criteria

WHMIS 2015 classification - Note to reader
Update: 2018-03-13

  • Acute toxicity - inhalation - Category 39 10
    • Releases a toxic gas upon contact with water: Ammonia
  • Skin corrosion/irritation - Category 211
  • Serious eye damage/eye irritation - Category 2
  • Respiratory sensitization - Category 16 12 13 14
  • Skin sensitization - Category 1A14 15 16
  • Germ cell mutagenicity - Category 217
  • Carcinogenicity - Category 1A3 4 18
  • Reproductive toxicity - Category 1B19
    • Toxic to the development (Category 1B)
    • Toxic to the development (Category 2)

  • WHMIS 2015 pictogram : Skull and crossbones

  • WHMIS 2015 pictogram : Health hazard

Danger

On contact with water releases gases which are toxic if inhaled
Causes skin irritation (H315)
Causes serious eye irritation (H319)
May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled (H334)
May cause allergic skin reaction (H317)
Suspected of causing genetic defects (H341)
May cause cancer (H350)
May damage fertility or the unborn child (H360)

Ingredient disclosure

Comments: This classification is based on all available data for all water-soluble hexavalent chromium (Cr VI) as potassium dichromate.

References

  • ▲1.  Pohanish, R.P. et Greene, S.A., Wiley guide to chemical incompatibilities. 2nd ed. New York, N.Y. : Wiley Interscience. (2003). [RR-015033]
  • ▲2.  Sax's dangerous properties of industrial materials. 11th ed. Hoboken, N.J. : John Wiley & Sons. (2004). [RR-014005]
  • ▲3.  American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, Documentation of the threshold limit values and biological exposure indices / Documentation of TLV's and BEI's. 7th ed. Cincinnati, Ohio : ACGIH. (2001-). Publication #0100Doc. [RM-514008]   http://www.acgih.org
  • ▲4.  IARC Working Group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, Chromium, nickel and welding. IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans, Vol. 49. Lyon : International Agency for Research on Cancer. (1990).  

    https://monographs.iarc.fr/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/mono49.pdf

    http://www.iarc.fr


  • ▲5.  Rietschel, R.L. et Fowler, Jr., J.F., Fisher's contact dermatitis. 5ème. Philadelphia : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. (2001).
  • ▲6.  Criteria group for occupational standards, «Scientific basis for Swedish occupational standards XXI. Consensus report for chromium and chromium compounds.» Arbete och Hälsa. Vol. VI, no. 22, p. 18-40. (2000). [AP-063399]   https://gupea.ub.gu.se/dspace/handle/2077/3194?locale=en
    http://www.inchem.org/documents/kemi/kemi/ah2000_22.pdf
  • ▲7.  Burrows, D., «Chromate dermatitis.» In: Occupational and industrial dermatology. , p. 406-420. Chicago : Year Book Medical. (1987). [MO-002907]
  • ▲8.  Lewis, RJ., Sax's dangerous properties of industrial materials : A-G. Vol. 2, 9ème éd. New York : Van Nostrand Reinhold. (1996).
  • ▲9.  Pohanish, R.P. et Greene, S.A., Wiley guide to chemical incompatibilities. 3ème éd. New Jersey : John Wiley & Sons Inc. (2009). [RR-015033]   www.wiley.com
  • ▲10.  Pohanish, R.P. et Greene, S.A., Hazardous materials handbook. New York (NY) : Van Nostrand Reinhold. (1996). [RR-515125]
  • ▲11.  Gad, S.C. et al., «Acute toxicity of four chromate salts.» In: Chromium symposium 1986 : An update : Proceedings. , p. 43-58. Pittsburg, PA : Industrial Health Foundation. (1986). [MO-002241]
  • ▲12.  Asthmagen? : critical assessments of the evidence for agents implicated in occupational asthma. Health and Safety Executive. Sudbury, Suffolk, G.B. : HSE Books. (2001). [MO-020018]   http://www.hse.gov.uk/asthma/asthmagen.pdf
  • ▲13.  Bernstein, I.L. et al., Asthma in the workplace : and related conditions. 3 éd. New York : Taylor & Francis. (2006).   www.taylorandfrancis.com
  • ▲14.  Bureau européen des substances chimiques, European Union Risk Assessment Report : Chromium trioxide, sodium chromate, sodium dichromate, ammonium dichromate and potassium dichromate. 3rd Priority List, Vol. 53. Luxembourg : Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. (2005). EUR 21508 EN.   http://echa.europa.eu/documents/10162/3be377f2-cb05-455f-b620-af3cbe2d570b
  • ▲15.  Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Toxicological profile for chromium. Atlanta, GA : ATSDR. (2000). Microfiche : PB93-182434, ATSDR/TP-92/08   http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/
  • ▲16.  Lauwerys, R. et al., Toxicologie industrielle et intoxications professionnelles. 5ème éd. Issy-les-Moulineaux Cedex : Elsevier Masson SAS. (2007). [RM-514015]
  • ▲17.  De Flora, S. et al., «Genotoxicity of chromium compounds: a review.» Mutation research. Vol. 238, no. 2. (1990). [AP-028592]
  • ▲18.  IARC Working Group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, A Review of Human Carcinogens: Arsenic, Metals, Fibres, and Dusts. IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans, Vol. 100C. Lyon : International Agency for Research on Cancer. (2012).   http://monographs.iarc.fr/
    http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Monographs/vol100C/mono100C.pdf
  • ▲19.  The health council of the Netherlands, Chromium VI and its compounds: Evaluation of the effects on reproduction, recommendation for classification. The Hague. (2001).   https://www.gezondheidsraad.nl/sites/default/files/0101osh.pdf
    http://www.gezondheidsraad.nl/en/publications/healthy-working-conditions

The [number] refers to the ISST database of the CSST Documentation Center.